The word of God (WOG) makes Godís attributes clear.
He possesses certain characteristics that further help us define and understand
While these characteristics are not a part of His essence, they are nonetheless
These characteristics include:
God is a person; He possesses and manifests all that one would expect of
He has self consciousness (Isa.45:5,6).
He has self determination (Job.23:13; Rom.9:11; Eph.1:11; 3:11).
He executes His decisions (Dan.4:24, 33).
He is alive (Josh.3:10; Mt.16:16).
He uses the normal pronouns when referring to Himself, including "I", "Me",
He is discriminating and discerning (Gen.1:4,7).
He chooses those with whom He will associate and those with whom He fellowships
God is immaterial, yet real (Jn.4:24).
He is invisible in essence (Rom.1:20; 1Tim.1:17).
Man is not capable of seeing God and living (Ex.33:20).
No one has ever seen the divine essence (Jn.1:18).
Only in Ph3 will the believer be able to see God (Rev.22:4).
This is why the Jews, and everyone else for that matter, were told not
to make images (Deut.4:15-19).
God is without boundary or limitation of any kind.
God's infinity in relationship to space is called immensity.
God is not confined by space, but all finite space depends on Him.
This is also known as transcendence.
God's infinity in regard to time is called eternity.
He is free from the succession of time, and functions outside of time.
God created both space and time for His purposes (Jn.1:3; Col.1:16).
Since God has no beginning or end, He is called the eternal God (Gen.21:33).
The names of God.
The names of God as found in the OT are often designed to communicate some
attribute or characteristic of God.
This is one way God revealed Himself before the completed canon.
The two major names for God were lae
which means strong or mighty [~yhiloa/,
'elohiym, is the plural, indicating a plurality in the Godhead], and hw"hoy>
(yehowah), which is derived from the "to be" verb, and means existence
These names are joined in compound with other words (to teach some aspect
of the divine essence), including:
!Ayl.[, lae, 'el 'el yon,
the most high God, Sovereignty.
~l'A[ lae , 'el 'olam,
the God of eternity, Eternal Life.
yD;v; lae , 'el shaday,
the God of breasts, Omnipotence.
yair\ lae , 'el ra 'iy,
the God who sees, Omniscience.
hn"Wma/ lae , 'el emunah,
the God who is faithful or reliable, Immutability
tloWmg> lae, 'el gemuloth,
the God of paybacks, Justice.
Wnqe dC, Hw"hy, YHWH, tsed
qenu, the Lord our righteousness, Righteousness.
While these are not all of the compound names used to teach the nature
of God, they are indicative.
Figures of speech and the essence of God.
All figures of speech are language of accommodation to communicate some
fact concerning God.
The first figure of speech most commonly used in regard to the essence
of God is an anthropomorphism.
An anthropomorphism is to ascribe to God a bodily part that He does not
Some of the most common include:
The second figure of speech commonly used to communicate some aspect of
God or His plan is an anthropopathism.
This is to ascribe to God some human emotion, passion, or weakness which
He does not possess.
The most common among these include:
repent or change the mind.
coming or going.
The unity and trinity of God as related to the divine essence.
The term "trinity" is not a term which is found anywhere in the Scripture.
Nevertheless, it is a Biblical term which communicates the revealed truth
that the eternal God exists in three persons.
God is seen to be one in essence, but three in personality.
This doctrine is like many doctrines, and is taught in fragmentary units
in order to veil the truth to negative volition.
Yet the positive believer can see this truth clearly.
God is one in essence, undivided and indivisible.
It is clearly taught in the O.T. that there is one true God, as opposed
to a plurality of gods (Deut.4:35,39; 6:4; 1Kgs.8:60; Isa.45:5,6).
This teaches a strict monotheism as opposed to polytheism.
The same truth is taught in the N.T. (Mk.12:29-32; Jn.17:3; 1Cor.8:4-6;
The concept of the trinity within the Godhead is based solely on divine
By the term "trinity" we mean that there are three distinct personalities
in the Godhead, possessing one essence.
Jews, Mohammedans, Unitarians, and Jehovahís Witnesses are some who reject
This was taught in the O.T., as seen in the fact that:
YHWH is distinguished from YHWH.
YHWH has a Son (Ps.2:7).
The HS is distinguished from God (Gen.1:2; 6:3; Ps.51:11)
Plurals are used of God (Gen.1:26,27; 3:22; 11:7).
Three persons are in view in Isa.48:16 and 61:1.
Beyond this, the revelation of the "angel of the Lord" teaches a plurality
in the Godhead.
The angel of YHWH is YHWH (Gen.16:7-13; 22:15-19; Ex.3:1-4).
The angel of YHWH is distinguished from YHWH (Gen.24:7; 23:20; Num.22:31;
It is taught in the N.T. in such places as Mt.28:19, 2Cor.13:14, and 1Pet.1:2.
The attributes and actions of deity are ascribed to the Father, the Son,
and the Holy Spirit.
Without seeking to over-simplify matters, the Father is often seen to be
the planner, the Son is seen as the executor, and the Holy Spirit as the
revealer of the plan.
These personality distinctions are eternal and are not in conflict with
the unity of God.
The essence of God as related to His eternal plan of salvation.
Due to the attribute of Omniscience, there never was a time when God did
not know all things.
Therefore, the plan of salvation was no afterthought or second best situation.
God's motive for allowing free will, sin, and evil is to bring glory to
His person, as well as demonstrating to the A/C that God is who He says
This is not self-praise, but God recognizes His glory and claims it in
the interest of absolute truth.
The essence of God is due glory, and this is recognized by those who are
positive (Rev.4:8-11; 5:13; 7:10-12; et al.).
Refusal to give God the glory due Him characterizes negative volition (Rev.14:7).
His Omniscience determined that this plan would be predicated upon grace.
Grace is the divine operating procedure in regard to the administration
of His plan (2Tim.1:9).
The plan of salvation makes manifest all the attributes of His essence,
as well as His marvelous nature (Eph.1:3-14).
Categories of false or anti-theistic theories.
Many have advocated systems of belief that are in contradiction to the
truth of strict monotheism.
All of these systems are satanic viewpoint, STA (sinful trend of Adam)
human viewpoint, or a combination of the two.
They are designed to delude man, destroy him, and rob God of the glory
due to Him.
This system advocates the lie that there is no God.
The logical corollary of this system is evolution.
Those who espouse this often move to nihilism, or the doctrine that nothing
exists and there is no truth.
Others move into hedonism, or the teaching that pleasure is the sole end
Atheism leads to anarchy in morals and ethics.
This is the system which states that one cannot know anything for certain
in regard to God or His person.
These types deny the inspiration of divine revelation.
Of course this leads to despair, since one can never come to know anything
This results in a lack of objective standards of right and wrong, and anarchy
This advocates belief in a plurality of gods.
Polytheism distributes the perfections and functions of the eternal God
among a plurality of limited gods.
This system is confusion, since one could never really know if they had
a relationship with the correct god.
Nor could they ever be secure in the notion that their god could not somehow
be beaten or overpowered by another god.
This is the belief that God and the universe are one.
It denies the transcendence of God, as well as His personality.
This system claims that God is just the sum total of all that exists.
The Hindu religion is predicated upon this belief.
This belief admits that God is personal, infinite, and holy.
It advocates the idea that God created the universe as a self-sustaining
He endued the universe with certain natural forces that would cause it
to be self sustaining and self-perpetuating.
He then abandoned the universe without revealing Himself in any way.
Although not giving man any revelation, He will finally judge him in the
This system denies God's immanence.
This is a form of atheism that denies the existence of God. It states that
all things may be explained by the material.
They advocate the notion that matter is eternal, and life is only a product
Material well being should rule in matters of conduct arises from this
This system spawns communism and monetary reversionism.
This theory contends that the mind or reason is the only entity of consequence.
The material world is no more than an impression or illusion of the mind.
Some believe that there is a God, but He did not create material things.
This leads to the notion that matter is evil, since it is not mind.
Christian scientists subscribe to this satanic viewpoint.
Under this satanic doctrine, two viewpoints may be observed.
The first is atheistic evolution, which states that there is no God, and
all that exists came about over time.
Several problems exist with this theory.
The law of cause and effect demands an original cause.
The first law of thermodynamics teaches that neither matter nor energy
can be created. By the way, this harmonizes with the finished creation
as taught in Gen.2:1,2 and Heb.4:3.
The second law of thermodynamics or entropy increase is in complete contradiction
If one takes the Bible seriously, the massive amounts of time required
for this theory never existed.
The second theory is theistic evolution, which states that God created
the original materials, but contends that evolution is the method by which
all development occurred.
Again, the lack of time.
A lack of understanding of the essence of God; He never created anything
which was less than perfect.
Complete lack of Scriptural documentation.
The Scripture refutes upward evolution on D+5 (day 5) of restoration.
Add to this all of the problems above with atheistic evolution.
The essence of God is revealed through natural creation (Ps.19:1-6; Rom.1:18-20).
Man's rejection of God's revelation through creation resulted in idolatry.