DOCTRINE OF REDEMPTION
May 3, 1981
VAntilu,tron, antilutron: compound of the preposition
"anti" plus "lutron". "Anti" connotes substitution, while "lutron" connotes
payment for the freedom of a slave.
Vapolu,trwsij, apolutrosis: deliverance procured
from the payment of a ransom.
Lu,tron, lutron: a payment of a ransom.
Lutro,w, lutroo: to release from slavery because
Lutrwsij, lutrosis: deliverance, freedom, or
Lutrwth,j, lutrotes: deliverer, redeemer.
VAgora,zw, agorazo: to buy, purchase.
VExagora,zw, exagorazo: buy out from.
hd'P' , padhah: to redeem
by paying a price.
Redemption is the work of Christ on the Cross directed toward sin.
The human race is regarded as being born with an old sin nature, spiritually
dead toward God.
This means mankind is born in the slave market of sin (with one exception).
Redemption is the saving work of Christ whereby He purchased our freedom
from the slave market of sin.
The coin for this purchase is called the blood of Christ (Christ bearing
Jesus Christ is the only qualified redeemer (Isa.53:9; Jn.8:46; 19:4; 2Cor.5:21;
Heb.1:3; 4:15; 7:26-28; 1Tim.3:16; 1Pet.1:18,19, virgin birth, kenosis,
Christ was willing to redeem mankind (both sovereignty and human volition
coincided, Lk.22:42 "Father if it be Your will, let this cup pass from
Me; nevertheless not My will but Yours be done [speaking from human
volition, He made His decision. The divine decision was made in the divine
decrees]"; Rom.5:19 "For as through one man's disobedience many were
made sinners even so through the obedience of one man will all be made
righteous"; Phil.2:8 "And being made in fashion as a man He humbled
Himself and became obedient unto death").
The doctrine of redemption was portrayed in the OT by means of the blood
of animal sacrifices (Heb.9:22 "And according to the standard of the
law nearly all things were cleansed by animal blood and without the pouring
out of animal blood, forgiveness does not happen"; Job.19:25,26 "As
for me, I know that my redeemer lives").
The blood of Christ is the ransom money for the purchase price of redemption
(Eph.1:7 "In whom we keep on having redemption through His blood; the
cancellation of sins according to the wealth of His Grace"; Col.1:14
"By means of whom we have redemption through His blood the cancellation
of sins"; 1Pet.1:18,19 "Knowing that you were not redeemed with
corruptible things such as silver and gold from your empty manner of life
but with the precious blood of Jesus Christ as of a lamb without spot or
It is the soul of the believer which is redeemed in salvation (Ps.34:22
"The Lord redeems the soul of His servants; none of those who take refuge
in Him will be condemned").
Redemption removes the condemnation of the Mosaic Law (Gal.3:13 "Christ
has redeemed us from the curse of the law having become a curse for us
for it stands written [Deut.21:23] 'cursed is everyone that hangs
on the wood'"; Gal.3:10 "For as many as are under the works of the
law are under the curse of the law, for it stands written [Hab.2:4]
is everyone who does not abide by all the things written in the book of
the law to do them").
Therefore, the results of redemption are:
Deliverance from the curse of the Law (Gal.3:13; 4:46).
Total forgiveness of sins (Isa.44:22; Eph.1:7; Col.1:14; Heb.9:15).
Basis for justification (Rom.3:24).
Basis for sanctification (Eph.5:25-27).
Basis for eternal inheritance (Heb.9:15).
Basis for strategic victory of Christ in the Angelic Conflict (Col.2:14,15;
Basis for redemption of the body in resurrection (Eph.1:15).
Related to mediatorship of Christ (1Tim.1:5,6).
Basis of our sonship.
The Doctrine of Redemption was portrayed in Israel's deliverance from Egyptian
slavery and the subsequent law of the firstborn (Ex.13:1-31 "And the
Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 'Sanctify to Me every firstborn, the first
offspring of every womb among the sons of Israel, both man and animal,
it belongs to Me.' And Moses said to the people, 'remember this day in
which you went out from Egypt, from the house of slavery; for by a powerful
hand the Lord brought you out from this place'"; cf. Ex.22.29).
To commemorate the Exodus, the Jews were to give their firstborn sons and
livestock to the Lord.
This illustrates the universal sonship of all believers (we are no longer
slaves but [adopted] sons).
The Jews were delivered by blood and power.
This is analogous to redemption and regeneration.
All firstborn males were redeemed with money.
All unclean firstborn animals could be redeemed with a lamb or its neck
was broken (Ex.34:19,20 "The firstborn of every womb belongs to Me,
and all your male livestock, the firstborn from cattle and [clean]
And you shall redeem with a lamb the firstborn of every [unclean]
and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck [neck =
volition; ass = the unbeliever; broken neck = results of negative volition,
hell], you shall redeem all the firstborn of your sons").
Reviewed: May, 1983
Reviewed: February, 1987
Reviewed: January, 1998
© Copyright 1998, Maranatha Church, Inc.